By Rino Micheloni
This booklet walks the reader during the subsequent step within the evolution of NAND flash reminiscence expertise, particularly the improvement of 3D flash thoughts, during which a number of layers of reminiscence cells are grown in the comparable piece of silicon. It describes their operating rules, machine architectures, fabrication ideas and useful implementations, and highlights why 3D flash is a new technology.
After reviewing marketplace developments for either NAND and strong nation drives (SSDs), the ebook digs into the main points of the flash reminiscence mobile itself, masking either floating gate and rising cost capture applied sciences. there's a plethora of other fabrics and vertical integration schemes available in the market. New reminiscence cells, new fabrics, new architectures (3D Stacked, BiCS and P-BiCS, 3D FG, 3D VG, 3D complex architectures); primarily, each one NAND producer has its personal answer. bankruptcy three to bankruptcy 7 supply a vast evaluate of the way 3D can materialize. The 3D wave is impacting rising thoughts to boot and bankruptcy eight covers 3D RRAM (resistive RAM) crosspoint arrays. Visualizing 3D constructions could be a problem for the human mind: this is often means most of these chapters include loads of bird’s-eye perspectives and go sections alongside the three axes.
The moment a part of the ebook is dedicated to different vital features, reminiscent of complicated packaging expertise (i.e. TSV in bankruptcy nine) and mistake correction codes, that have been leveraged to enhance flash reliability for decades. bankruptcy 10 describes the evolution from legacy BCH to the newest LDPC codes, whereas bankruptcy eleven bargains with essentially the most fresh developments within the ECC box. final yet no longer least, bankruptcy 12 appears to be like at 3D flash thoughts from a method perspective.
Is 14nm the final step for planar cells? Can a hundred layers be built-in in the comparable piece of silicon? Is four bit/cell attainable with 3D? Will 3D be trustworthy adequate for firm and datacenter purposes? those are a number of the questions that this ebook is helping answering through supplying insights into 3D flash reminiscence layout, strategy know-how and applications.
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3D Flash Memories by Rino Micheloni